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Patient Education > Glossary



















  • Amalgam - Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
    Anesthesia - Medications used to relieve pain.
    Anterior teeth - Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
    Arch - The upper or lower jaw.
    • Baby bottle tooth decay - Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby's mouth.
      Bicuspids -A premolar tooth; tooth with two cusps, which are pointed or rounded eminences on or near the masticating surface of a tooth.
      Bitewings - X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
      Bonding - Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
      Bridge - A prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or otherwise attached to the abutment teeth or implant replacements.
      Bruxism - Teeth grinding.
    • Calculus - A hard deposit of mineralized substance adhering to crowns and/or roots of teeth or prosthetic devices.
      Canal - The narrow chamber inside the tooth's root.
      Canines - Also called cuspids.
      Canker sore - One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
      Caries - A commonly used term for tooth decay, or cavities.
      Cold sore - Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
      Composite filling - Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
      Composite resin - A tooth colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
      Contouring - The process of reshaping teeth.
      Crown - An artificial tooth replacement that restores missing tooth structure by surrounding the remaining coronal tooth structure. It is also placed on a dental implant.
      Cusps - The pointed parts on top of the back teeth's chewing surface.
      Cuspids - Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.
    • Dentin - The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
      Denture - A removable set of teeth.
    • Endodontics - A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth's root or nerve.
    • Fluoride - A harmless over-exposure to fluoride resulting in tooth discoloration.
      Fluorosis - A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.
    • Gingiva - Another word for gum tissue.
      Gingivitis - A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
      Gum disease - An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.
    • Impacted teeth - A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
      Implant - A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
      Incisor - Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
      Inlay - An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.
    • Laminate veneer - A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
    • Malocclusion - Bad bite relationship.
      Mandible - The lower jaw.
      Maxilla - The upper jaw.
      Molar - Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.
    • Neuromuscular Dentistry - Addresses more than the aches and pains felt in and around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.
    • Onlay - A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
      Orthodontics - A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
      Overdenture - A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.
    • Palate - Roof of the mouth.
      Partial denture - A removable appliance that replaces missing teeth.
      Pediatric Dentistry - A field of dentistry that deals with children’s teeth
      Perio pocket - An opening formed by receding gums.
      Periodontal disease - Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
      Periodontist - A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
      Permanent teeth - The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
      Plaque - A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
      Posterior teeth - The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
      Primary teeth - A person's first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
      Prophylaxis - The act of cleaning the teeth.
      Prosthodontics - The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
      Pulp - The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.
    • Receding gum - A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth's enamel and surrounding bone.
      Resin filling - An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
      Root canal - A procedure in which a tooth's nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
      Root planing - Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.
    • Sealant - A synthetic material placed on the tooth's surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.
    • TMJ - Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
      Tarter - A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth’s surface.
    • Veneer - A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.
    • Whitening - A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
      Wisdom tooth - Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.